Laparoscopic surgery is a new discipline in urology, and urologists should acquaint themselves with these techniques. This illustrated text is a comprehensive survey of all currently accepted applications of laparoscopic techniques in urology. A historical and general introduction precedes the main section, which discusses and describes specific operations. Laparoscopic operations on the kidneys, ureter, urinary bladder and lymph nodes are described, as well as laparoscopic treatment of cryptorchidism, varicocele, urinary incontinence and hernias. Future perspectives and interdisciplinary procedures are also presented.